Project 1: Space Shooter
Ease of building UI elements in Unity
The next step to make my prototype feel more like a game is to add some UI elements. As my game is a shooter style game, it needs the score and lives or health of the player. Let’s start with the simpler one, that is the score.
To add a score to my game, I first have to add a UI element called Text TextMeshPro for it. This can be done from the right click menu of the Hierarchy view. After I do that, it makes a new GameObject called Canvas in the Hierarchy view, and that has the Text (TMP) GameObject as a child.
Before I move on, I should also make the Canvas to scale with the screen size. That way a decent sized text in the large screen won’t fill the entire small screen. This can be achieved in the Canvas’s Inspector view by selecting the option Scale With Screen Size in the Canvas Scaler component and its element UI Scale Mode
Now that I have my score on the screen, it’s time to add the lives as well. For this I add a new UI element called image, this will also appear as a child object in the Canvas. After placing it on the top left of the screen, I’m done with the UI elements for now.
Next is the logic for these two. Most of it is the same as before, adding methods and calling them from other scripts, but there are few points that are different with the UI.
First, I have to use two new namespaces in my UIManager script, which is attached to the Canvas, if I want to manipulate the UI elements. To use those namespaces, all I have to do is to add the lines
using UnityEngine.UI; and
using TMPro; after the other namespaces that are already there. Then I can update the score just by assigning the new score value to my Text element.
Then the sprites that I use for displaying the player’s lives, these I will save in a Sprite array. To make life easier for me, in the first cell of the array I save the sprite for zero lives, and in the last the sprite for the full health.
Why is this easier for me? That’s because my player has only three lives, so I can use that type int number to index my _livesSprites array. Which means, when my player is at full health the _lives number is 3 which is also the index for the full health sprite. At index 2 I have the sprite where the player has two lives left and so on.
Finally the sprites are displayed on screen exactly the same way as the Score_text, that is I assign the correct sprite to the Image element.